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Chapter Commentary

1 And it came to pass in the days when the judges judged, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem-judah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem-judah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.3 And Elimelech, Naomis husband, died; and she was left, and her two sons.4 And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelt there about ten years.5 And Mahlon and Chilion died both of them; and the woman was left of her two children and of her husband.6 Then she arose with her daughters-in-law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that Jehovah had visited his people in giving them bread.7 And she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah.8 And Naomi said unto her two daughters-in-law, Go, return each of you to her mothers house: Jehovah deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me.9 Jehovah grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voice, and wept.10 And they said unto her, Nay, but we will return with thee unto thy people.11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? have I yet sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?12 Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say, I have hope, if I should even have a husband to-night, and should also bear sons;13 would ye therefore tarry till they were grown? would ye therefore stay from having husbands? nay, my daughters, for it grieveth me much for your sakes, for the hand of Jehovah is gone forth against me.14 And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clave unto her.15 And she said, Behold, thy sister-in-law is gone back unto her people, and unto her god: return thou after thy sister-in-law.16 And Ruth said, Entreat me not to leave thee, and to return from following after thee, for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge; thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God;17 where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: Jehovah do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part thee and me.18 And when she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, she left off speaking unto her.19 So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and the women said, Is this Naomi?20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara; for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.21 I went out full, and Jehovah hath brought me home again empty; why call ye me Naomi, seeing Jehovah hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me?22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her, who returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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Background
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis

1:1

1:2

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Comparison / Typology
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Theology
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Application
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Introduction to Ruth

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Commentary List

  • Atkinson, David John. The Message of Ruth: The Wings of Refuge. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1985 [1983].
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Cundall, Arthur E; and Leon Morris. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, Volume 7; Judges and Ruth. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008 [1968].
  • Fischer, Irmfraud. Rut. Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2001. [German]
  • Franke, John R.; ed. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2005.
  • Gross, Walther. Richter. Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2009. [German]
  • Harduf, David Mandel; and Rashi. Shoftim [Judges]. Willowdale, Ontario, Canada: D. M. Harduf, 1984.
  • Harris, J. Gordon. Joshua, Judges, Ruth. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2000.
  • Harris, W. Homiletical Commentary on the Books of Samuel. The Preacher's Commentary Homiletical Commentary. London: Richard D. Dickinson, 1884. [Google Books]
  • Hervey, A. C. The Pulpit Commentary; Judges. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York / Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [Public Domain]
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: Old Testament]. New York Jamieson: S. S. Scranton, 1875. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Judges] [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 2: Ruth to Psalms] [Google Books]
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, and First Book of Samuel, Second Book of Samuel, First Kings, and Second Kings, Chapters I to VII. [CCEL]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 2: Joshua to Psalms]
  • Millar, J. P. A Homiletical Commentary on the Book of Judges; The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary on the Old Testament. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1892. [Google Books]
  • Morison, James. The Pulpit Commentary; Ruth. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York / Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [A] [Public Domain]
  • Neusner, Jacob. Ruth Rabbah; An Analytical Translation. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1989.
  • Patrick, Simon. A Commentary Upon the Historical Books of the Old Testament; Vol. II. [Joshua to Esther] 5th edition. London: Printed for D. Midwinter, 1738. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Job] [Google Books]
  • Rashi; Avraham Shelomoh, et al. Judges: A New English Translation. New York: Judaica Press, 1983.
  • Rashi, and Avraham Schwartz. The Megilloth and Rashi's Commentary With Linear Translation: Esther, Song of Songs, Ruth. New York: Hebrew Linear Classics / Feldheim, 1983.
  • Rogers, Richard. A Commentary Upon the Whole Booke of Iudges. London: Felix Kyngston for Thomas Man, 1615. [Public Domain]
  • Wilcock, Michael. The Message of Judges: Grace Abounding. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
  • Younger, K. Lawson. Judges and Ruth. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002.

Chapter Credits

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