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Chapter Commentary

1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,2 which he promised afore through his prophets in the holy scriptures,3 concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh,4 who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead; even Jesus Christ our Lord,5 through whom we received grace and apostleship, unto obedience of faith among all the nations, for his names sake;6 among whom are ye also called to be Jesus Christs:7 To all that are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is proclaimed throughout the whole world.9 For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you, always in my prayers10 making request, if by any means now at length I may be prospered by the will of God to come unto you.11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established;12 that is, that I with you may be comforted in you, each of us by the others faith, both yours and mine.13 And I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you (and was hindered hitherto), that I might have some fruit in you also, even as in the rest of the Gentiles.14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you also that are in Rome.16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.17 For therein is revealed a righteousness of God from faith unto faith: as it is written, But the righteous shall live by faith.18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hinder the truth in unrighteousness;19 because that which is known of God is manifest in them; for God manifested it unto them.20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse:21 because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless heart was darkened.22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.24 Wherefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts unto uncleanness, that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves:25 for that they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile passions: for their women changed the natural use into that which is against nature:27 and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another, men with men working unseemliness, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was due.28 And even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting;29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers,30 backbiters, hateful to God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,31 without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:32 who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practise such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also consent with them that practise them.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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Background
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis

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Comparison / Typology
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Theology
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Application
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Introduction to Romans

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Thematic Essays on Romans

Commentary List

  • Ambrosiaster. Commentaries on Romans and 1-2 Corinthians. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Academic, 2009.
  • Barclay, William. The New Daily Study Bible; The Letter to the Romans. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2002 [1975].
  • Barnes, Albert. Notes Explanatory and Practical on the Epistle to the Romans. New York: Leavitt and Lord, 1834. [Google Books]
  • Bray, Gerald; ed. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Romans. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1998.
  • Bruce, F. F. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries, Volume 6; Romans. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2008 [1985].
  • Calvin, John. Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. London: L. B. Seeley, 1834. [Google Books]
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Colet, John. An Exposition of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. London: Bell and Daldy, 1873 [1497]. [Google Books]
  • Cranfield, C. E. B. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. The International Critical Commentary. Vol. 1. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1980 reprint.
  • Cranfield, C. E. B. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. The International Critical Commentary. Vol. 2. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1980 reprint.
  • Dabney, J. P. Annotations on the New Testament . . . Part II. The Epistles of Paul, James, Peter, John, and Jude. Cambridge: Hilliard and Brown, 1829. [Google Books]
  • Day, William. A Paraphrase and Commentary Upon the Epistle of Saint Paul to the Romans. London: Printed by S. Griffin for Joshua Kirton, 1666. [Public Domain]
  • Dickson, David. An Exposition of All St. Pauls Epistle Together With an Explanation of Those Other Epistles of the Apostles St. James, Peter, John & Jude. London: Printed by R. I. for Francis Eglesfield, 1659. [Public Domain]
  • Draxe, Thomas. The Worldes Resurrection, or The Generall Calling of the Iewes, a Familiar Commentary upon the Eleventh Chapter of Saint Paul to the Romaines. London: Printed by G. Eld, for Iohn Wright, 1608.
  • Dunn, James D. G. Word Biblical Commentary, Volume 38A: Romans 1-8. Dallas, Texas: Word Books, 1988.
  • Dunn, James D. G. Word Biblical Commentary, Volume 38B: Romans 9-16. Dallas, Texas: Word Books, 1988.
  • Edwards, James R. Romans. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1992.
  • Erasmus, Desiderius. Annotations on Romans. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994.
  • Erasmus, Desiderius. Paraphrases on Romans and Galatians. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.
  • Ferme, Charles. A Logical Analysis of the Epistle of Paul to the Romans. Edinburgh: Wodrow Society, 1850. [Google Books]
  • Godet, Frédéric Louis. A Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1883. [Google Books]
  • Gundry, Robert H. Commentary on the New Testament. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2010.
  • Hodge, Charles. A Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. New York: Robert Carter, 1880. [Google Books]
  • Jacobs, Henry E. Annotations on the Epistles of Paul to the Romans and I. Corinthians, Chaps. I-VI. The Lutheran Commentary. Edited by Henry Eyster Jacobs. New York: The Christian Literature Co., 1896. [Google Books]
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: New Testament]. Hartford: S. S. Scranton, 1878. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839 [Vol. 3--Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849]. [Vol. 5: Acts to Revelation] [Google Books]
  • Jowett, Benjamin. The Epistles of St. Paul to the Thessalonians, Galatians, and Romans. 2 vols. [Vol. 1—commentary; Vol. 2—essays] London: J. Murray, 1894. [Google Books; CCEL]
  • Luther, Martin. Lectures on Romans. The Library of Christian Classics. Translated and edited by Wilhelm Pauck. Philadelphia, PA: The Westminster Press, 1961.
  • Luther, Martin; and Henry P. Cole. Select Works of Martin Luther, 4 vols; Vol. 1: Christian Liberty; Commentary on the Fifty-First Psalm; Selections from the Commentaries on the Romans, Galatians, Psalms. London: Printed for the Author, 1824. [Public Domain]
  • Mayer, John. A Commentarie Upon All the Epistles of the Apostle Saint Paul, Being Fourteene. London: Printed by John Havilande, for John Grismond, 1631. [Public Domain]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 4: Matthew to Romans]
  • Meyer, Heinrich August Wilhelm; et al. Critical and Exegetical Hand-Book to the Epistle to the Romans, 2 vols New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1884. [Google Books]
  • Moo, Douglas J. Romans: The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2000.
  • Morris, Leon. The Epistle to the Romans. The Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans,1988.
  • Munck, Johannes. Christ and Israel: An Interpretation of Romans 9-11. Foreword by Krister Stendahl. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress, 1967.
  • Nygren, Anders. Commentary on Romans. Translated by Carl C. Rasmussen. Philadelphia, PA: Muhlenberg, 1949.
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 3: Matthew to Revelation.] [Google Books]
  • Roberton, A. T. Word Pictures in the New Testament - Romans. [CCEL]
  • Sanday, Williams; Headlam, Arthur C. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. The International Critical Commentary. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1895. [Google Books]
  • Schlatter, Adolf von. Romans: The Righteousness of God. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1995 [German—1935]
  • Schlier, Heinrich. Der Römerbrief. Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Neuen Testament. Freiburg: Herder, 1977. [German]
  • Schreiner, Thomas R. Romans. Baker Exegetical Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 1998.
  • Stifler, James M. The Epistle to the Romans: A Commentary, Logical and Historical. New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1897. [Google Books]
  • Stott, John R. W. The Message of Romans: God's Good News for the World. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2001 [1994].
  • Stuart, Moses. A Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. Andover, MA: Gould & Newman; New York: H. Griffin, 1835. [Google Books]
  • Tholuck, August. Exposition of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans; With Extracts from the Exegetical Works of the Fathers and Reformers. 2 vols. 2nd revised ed. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1842, 1848. [Google Books—Vol. 2]
  • Trapp, John. A Commentary or Exposition Upon All the Epistles, and the Revelation
  • of John the Divine. London: Printed by A. M. for John Bellamy, 1647. [Public Domain]
  • Vermigli, Pietro Martire. Most Learned and Fruitfull Commentaries . . . Upon the Epistle of S. Paul to the Romanes. London: By Iohn Daye, 1568. [Public Domain]
  • Willet, Andrew. Hexapla: That is, A Six-Fold Commentarie Upon . . . Romans. Cambridge: Cantrell Legge, 1620. [Public Domain]
  • Wilson, Thomas. A Commentary on the Most Divine Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans. London: Printed by E. Cotes, 1653.
  • Zahn, Theodor. Der Briefe des Paulus an die Römer. Leipzig: Deichert, 1910. [German]

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