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Chapter Commentary

1 And Jehovah spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,2 Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, every male, by their polls;3 from twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel, thou and Aaron shall number them by their hosts.4 And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of his fathers house.5 And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you. Of Reuben: Elizur the son of Shedeur.6 Of Simeon: Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.7 Of Judah: Nahshon the son of Amminadab.8 Of Issachar: Nethanel the son of Zuar.9 Of Zebulun: Eliab the son of Helon.10 Of the children of Joseph: Of Ephraim: Elishama the son of Ammihud. Of Manasseh: Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.11 Of Benjamin: Abidan the son of Gideoni.12 Of Dan: Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.13 Of Asher: Pagiel the son of Ochran.14 Of Gad: Eliasaph the son of Deuel.15 Of Naphtali: Ahira the son of Enan.16 These are they that were called of the congregation, the princes of the tribes of their fathers; they were the heads of the thousands of Israel.17 And Moses and Aaron took these men that are mentioned by name:18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month; and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls.19 As Jehovah commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.20 And the children of Reuben, Israels first-born, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;21 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Reuben, were forty and six thousand and five hundred.22 Of the children of Simeon, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, those that were numbered thereof, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;23 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Simeon, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred.24 Of the children of Gad, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;25 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Gad, were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty.26 Of the children of Judah, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;27 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Judah, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred.28 Of the children of Issachar, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;29 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Issachar, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred.30 Of the children of Zebulun, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;31 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Zebulun, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred.32 Of the children of Joseph, namely, of the children of Ephraim, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;33 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Ephraim, were forty thousand and five hundred.34 Of the children of Manasseh, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;35 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Manasseh, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred.36 Of the children of Benjamin, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;37 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Benjamin, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.38 Of the children of Dan, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;39 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Dan, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred.40 Of the children of Asher, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;41 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Asher, were forty and one thousand and five hundred.42 Of the children of Naphtali, their generations, by their families, by their fathers houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;43 those that were numbered of them, of the tribe of Naphtali, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.44 These are they that were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron numbered, and the princes of Israel, being twelve men: they were each one for his fathers house.45 So all they that were numbered of the children of Israel by their fathers houses, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war in Israel;46 even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.47 But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.48 For Jehovah spake unto Moses, saying,49 Only the tribe of Levi thou shalt not number, neither shalt thou take the sum of them among the children of Israel;50 but appoint thou the Levites over the tabernacle of the testimony, and over all the furniture thereof, and over all that belongeth to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the furniture thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle.51 And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.52 And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by his own camp, and every man by his own standard, according to their hosts.53 But the Levites shall encamp round about the tabernacle of the testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of the testimony.54 Thus did the children of Israel; according to all that Jehovah commanded Moses, so did they.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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Background
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis

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Comparison / Typology
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Theology
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Application
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Introduction to Numbers

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Commentary List

  • Ainsworth, Henry. Annotations Upon the Five Bookes of Moses, the Booke of the Psalms, and the Songs, or Canticles. London: Printed by M. Flesher and J. Haviland, 1627. [Public Domain]
  • Bellinger, W. H. Leviticus and Numbers. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2001
  • Brown, Raymond. The Message of Numbers: Journey to the Promised Land. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002.
  • Bush, George. Notes, Critical and Practical, on the Book of Numbers. New York: Ivison and Phinney, 1858. [Google Books]
  • Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Four Last Books of Moses; Arranged in the Form of a Harmony. 4 vols. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1852-1855. [Public Domain] [Vol. 3—Numbers]
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Gaebelein, Frank E.; ed. Expositor's Bible Commentary. 12 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1976-1992. [Vol. 2: Genesis to Numbers]
  • Gane, Roy. Leviticus, Numbers. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2004.
  • Greenstone, Julius H. Numbers, With Commentary. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1939.
  • Hirsch, Samson Raphael. The Pentateuch Translated and Explained; Volume 4: Numbers. London: Isaac Levy, 1964.
  • Ibn, Ezra, Abraham ben Meir. The Commentary of Abraham Ibn Ezra on the Pentateuch, 5 vols. Vol. 4: Numbers. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House, 1900-. [Public Domain]
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: Old Testament]. New York Jamieson: S. S. Scranton, 1875. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Judges] [Google Books]
  • Jones, William. Homiletic Commentary on the Book of Numbers. The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1892. [Google Books]
  • Keil, C. F.; and F. Delitzsch. Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Vol. 3; The Pentateuch. [Numbers and Deuteronomy] Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1867. [Google Books]
  • Kidder, Richard. A Commentary on the Five Books of Moses. Vol. 2 [Leviticus through Deuteronomy]. London: Printed by J. Heptinstall, for William Rogers, 1694. [Public Domain]
  • Lange, John Peter. A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures . . . Numbers and Deuteronomy. New York: Charles Scribners, 1884. [Google Books]
  • Lienhard, Joseph T., ed.; with Ronnie J. Rombs. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2001.
  • Mackintosh, Charles Henry. Notes on the Book of Numbers. New York: Loizeaux, 1880. [Google Books]
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. [CCEL]
  • Maarsingh, B. Numbers: A Practical Commentary. Translated by John Vriend. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1987.
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Deuteronomy]
  • Milgrom, Jacob. The JPS Torah Commentary Series; Numbers. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1989.
  • Neusner, Jacob. Sifre to Numbers; An American Translation and Explanation. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1986.
  • Parker, Samuel. Bibliotheca Biblia. [Vol. 4: Numbers] Oxford: Printed at the Theater, 1728.
  • Patrick, Simon. A Commentary Upon the Fourth Book of Moses, Called Numbers. London: Printed for RI. Chiswell, 1699. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Job] [Google Books]
  • Ramban [Nachmanides]; and Charles B. Chavel. Commentary on the Torah, 5 vols. [Vol. 4: Numbers] New York: Shilo, 1971-1976.
  • Rashi; and Chaim Pearl. Rashi; Commentaries on the Pentateuch. New York: Norton, 1970.
  • Stubbs, David L. Numbers. Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2009.
  • Trapp, John. A Clavis to the Bible, Or, A New Comment Upon the Pentateuch. London: Printed for Timothy Garthwait, 1649. [Public Domain]
  • Wenham, Gordon J. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, Volume 4; Numbers. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008 [1981].
  • Winterbotham, Rayner. The Pulpit Commentary; Numbers. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York / Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [Public Domain]

Chapter Credits

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