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Chapter Commentary

1 Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to draw up a narrative concerning those matters which have been fulfilled among us,2 even as they delivered them unto us, who from the beginning wer eyewitnesses and ministers of the word,3 it seemed good to me also, having traced the course of all things accurately from the first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus;4 that thou mightest know the certainty concerning the things wherein thou wast instructed.5 There was in the days of Herod, king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abijah: and he had a wife of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years.8 Now it came to pass, while he executed the priests office before God in the order of his course,9 according to the custom of the priests office, his lot was to enter into the temple of the Lord and burn incense.10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the hour of incense.11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of altar of incense.12 And Zacharias was troubled when he saw him, and fear fell upon him.13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: because thy supplication is heard, and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John.14 And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and he shall drink no wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mothers womb.16 And many of the children of Israel shall be turn unto the Lord their God.17 And he shall go before his face in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to walk in the wisdom of the just; to make ready for the Lord a people prepared for him.18 And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and I was sent to speak unto thee, and to bring thee these good tidings.20 And behold, thou shalt be silent and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall come to pass, because thou believedst not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.21 And the people were waiting for Zacharias, and they marvelled while he tarried in the temple.22 And when he came out, he could not speak unto them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: and he continued making signs unto them, and remained dumb.23 And it came to pass, when the days of his ministration were fulfilled, he departed unto his house.24 And after these days Elisabeth his wife conceived; and she hid herself five months, saying,25 Thus hath the Lord done unto me in the days wherein he looked upon me, to take away my reproach among men.26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgins name was Mary.28 And he came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favored, the Lord is with thee.29 But she was greatly troubled at the saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this might be.30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favor with God.31 And behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Most High: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:33 and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.34 And Mary said unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: wherefore also the holy thing which is begotten shall be called the Son of God.36 And behold, Elisabeth thy kinswoman, she also hath conceived a son in her old age; and this is the sixth month with her that was called barren.37 For no word from God shall be void of power.38 And Mary said, Behold, the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.39 And Mary arose in these days and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Judah;40 and entered into the house of Zacharias and saluted Elisabeth.41 And it came to pass, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit;42 and she lifted up her voice with a loud cry, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb.43 And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come unto me?44 For behold, when the voice of thy salutation came into mine ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy.45 And blessed is she that believed; for there shall be a fulfilment of the things which have been spoken to her from the Lord.46 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord,47 And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.48 For he hath looked upon the low estate of his handmaid: For behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.49 For he that is mighty hath done to me great things; And holy is his name.50 And his mercy is unto generations and generations On them that fear him.51 He hath showed strength with his arm; He hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their heart.52 He hath put down princes from their thrones, And hath exalted them of low degree.53 The hungry he hath filled with good things; And the rich he hath sent empty away.54 He hath given help to Israel his servant, That he might remember mercy55 (As he spake unto our fathers) Toward Abraham and his seed for ever.56 And Mary abode with her about three months, and returned unto her house.57 Now Elisabeths time was fulfilled that she should be delivered; and she brought forth a son.58 And her neighbors and her kinsfolk heard that the Lord had magnified his mercy towards her; and they rejoiced with her.59 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that they came to circumcise the child; and they would have called him Zacharias, after the name of the father.60 And his mother answered and said, Not so; but he shall be called John.61 And they said unto her, There is none of thy kindred that is called by this name.62 And they made signs to his father, what he would have him called.63 And he asked for a writing tablet, and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they marvelled all.64 And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, blessing God.65 And fear came on all that dwelt round about them: and all these sayings were noised abroad throughout all the hill country of Judaea.66 And all that heard them laid them up in their heart, saying, What then shall this child be? For the hand of the Lord was with him.67 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying,68 Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel; For he hath visited and wrought redemption for his people,69 And hath raised up a horn of salvation for us In the house of his servant David70 (As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets that have been from of old),71 Salvation from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us;72 To show mercy towards, our fathers, And to remember his holy covenant;73 The oath which he spake unto Abraham our father,74 To grant unto us that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies Should serve him without fear,75 In holiness and righteousness before him all our days.76 Yea and thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Most High: For thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to make ready his ways;77 To give knowledge of salvation unto his people In the remission of their sins,78 Because of the tender mercy of our God, Whereby the dayspring from on high shall visit us,79 To shine upon them that sit in darkness and the shadow of death; To guide our feet into the way of peace.80 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his showing unto Israel.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis

















































































Comparison / Typology
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Introduction to Luke

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Thematic Essays on Luke

Commentary List

  • Ambrose. Exposition of the Holy Gospel According to Saint Luke, with Fragments on the Prophecy of Isaias. Translated by Theodosia Tomkingson. Etna, CA: Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 1998.
  • Barclay, William. The New Daily Study Bible; The Gospel of Luke. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox, 2001 [1975].
  • Barnes, Albert. Notes on the Gospels . . . Luke and John. London: Religious Tract Society, 1835. [Google Books]
  • Bock, Darrell, L. Luke; The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1996.
  • Burgon. A Plain Commentary on the Four Holy Gospels; Intended Chiefly for Devotional Reading. 4 vols. London: John Henry Parker, 1840. [Public Domain]
  • Calvin, Jean. Commentary on a Harmony of the Evangelists,Matthew, Mark and Luke. 3 vols. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1845-1846. [Public Domain]
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Cyril of Alexandria. Commentary on the Gospel of Saint Luke. Translated by R. Payne Smith. Long Island, NY: Studion, 1983.
  • Cyril of Alexander. A Commentary on the Gospel According to S. Luke. Oxford: At the University Press, 1859. [Google Books]
  • Ephrem the Syrian. Saint Ephrem's Commentary on Tatian's Diatesseron. Translated by Carmel McCarthy. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Erasmus, Desiderius. Paraphrase on Luke. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.
  • Evans, Craig A. Luke. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1990.
  • Godet, Frédéric Louis. A Commentary on the Gospel of St. Luke. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1887. [Google Books]
  • Gundry, Robert H. Commentary on the New Testament. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2010.
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: New Testament]. Hartford: S. S. Scranton, 1878. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839 [Vol. 3--Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849]. [Vol. 4: Matthew to John] [Google Books]
  • Just, Arthur A., Jr.; ed. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Luke. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003.
  • Lapide, Cornelius. The Great Commentary of Cornelius à Lapide . . . S. Luke's Gospel. London: John Hodges, 1887. [Google Books]
  • Luther, Martin. Luther's Works; Vol. 21: The Sermon on the Mount and the Magnificat. St. Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing House, 1955- .
  • Luther, Martin. Martin Luther's Explanatory Notes on the Gospels. York, PA:
  • P. Anstadt and Sons, 1899. [Google Books]
  • Marshall, I. Howard. The Gospel of Luke. New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1978.
  • Meyer, Heinrich August Wilhelm; et al. Critical and Exegetical Hand-Book to the Gospels of Mark and Luke. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1884. [Google Books]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 4: Matthew to Romans]
  • Morris, Leon. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries, Volume 3; Luke. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2008 [1988].
  • Olshausen, Heinrich. A Biblical Commentary on the New Testament. Volume 1 [synthesis of synoptic gospels]. New York: Sheldon & Co., 1866. [Google Books]
  • Olshausen, Heinrich. A Biblical Commentary on the New Testament. Volume 2 [synthesis of synoptic gospels; and John 1-11]. New York: Sheldon & Co., 1866. [Google Books]
  • Olshausen, Heinrich. A Biblical Commentary on the New Testament. Volume 3 [synthesis of synoptic gospels]. New York: Sheldon & Co., 1866. [Google Books]
  • Olshausen, Heinrich. A Biblical Commentary on the New Testament. Volume 4 [synthesis of synoptic gospels; and John 12-22]. New York: Sheldon & Co., 1866. [Google Books]
  • Origen. Homilies on Luke, Fragments on Luke. Translated by Joseph. T. Lienhard. Fathers of the Church, 94. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 1996.
  • Osterzee, J. J. Van. Theological and Homiletical Commentary on the Gospel of Luke. 2 vols. Edinburgh: T. &. T. Clark, 1867. [Google Books—Vol. 2]
  • Pearce, Zachary. A Commentary, With Notes, On the Four Evangelists and the Acts of the Apostles. 2 vols. London: Printed by E. Cox, 1777. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 3: Matthew to Revelation.] [Google Books]
  • Roberton, A. T. Word Pictures in the New Testament - Luke. [CCEL]
  • Rollock, Robert. Lectures, Upon the History of the Passion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Edinburgh: Printed by Andro Hart, 1616. [Public Domain]
  • Schürmann, Heinz. Das Lukasevangelium. 3 vols. Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Neuen Testament. Freiburg: Herder, 1990. [German]
  • Shedd, William G. T.; and J. J. Van Osterzee. A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures . . . Containing the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Luke. Edited by John Peter Lange. New York: Charles Scribners, 1899. [Google Books]
  • Spaeth, A. Annotations on the Gospel According to St. John. The Lutheran Commentary. Edited by Henry Eyster Jacobs. New York: The Christian Literature Co., 1896. [Google Books]
  • Spence-Jones, H. D. M. The Pulpit Commentary; Luke. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York / Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [Public Domain]
  • Theophylact. The Explanation by Blessed Theophylact of the Holy Gospel According to St. Luke. Translated by Christopher Stade. House Springs, MO: Chrysostom Press, 1997.
  • Tholuck, August. A Commentary on the Gospel of St. John. Boston: Perkins and Marvin, 1836. [Google Books]
  • Thomas Aquinas. Catena Aurea; Commentary on the Four Gospels, Collected Out of the Works of the Fathers. 3 vols. [Third volume on Luke.] Oxford: John Henry Parker, 1841. [Google Books—for Second Part of Luke]
  • Trapp, John. A Commentary or Exposition Upon the Four Evangelists, and the Acts of the Apostles. London: Printed by A. M. for John Bellamie, 1647. [Public Domain]
  • Wilcock, Michael. The Message of Luke: The Saviour of the World. The Bible Speaks Today. Leicester, UK: InterVarsity Press, 1985 [1979].
  • Zahn, Theodor. Das Evangelium des Lucas. Leipzig: Deichert, 1920. [German]

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