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Chapter Commentary

1 And it came to pass after the death of Joshua, that the children of Israel asked of Jehovah, saying, Who shall go up for us first against the Canaanites, to fight against them?2 And Jehovah said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.3 And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him.4 And Judah went up; and Jehovah delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand: and they smote of them in Bezek ten thousand men.5 And they found Adoni-bezek in Bezek; and they fought against him, and they smote the Canaanites and the Perizzites.6 But Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes.7 And Adoni-bezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their food under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.8 And the children of Judah fought against Jerusalem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire.9 And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites that dwelt in the hill-country, and in the South, and in the lowland.10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron (now the name of Hebron beforetime was Kiriath-arba); and they smote Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.11 And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir. (Now the name of Debir beforetime was Kiriath-sepher.)12 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kiriath-sepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.13 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Calebs younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.14 And it came to pass, when she came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she alighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wouldest thou?15 And she said unto him, Give me a blessing; for that thou hast set me in the land of the South, give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the nether springs.16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses brother-in-law, went up out of the city of palm-trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which is in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt with the people.17 And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they smote the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah.18 Also Judah took Gaza with the border thereof, and Ashkelon with the border thereof, and Ekron with the border thereof.19 And Jehovah was with Judah; and drove out the inhabitants of the hill-country; for he could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.20 And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses had spoken: and he drove out thence the three sons of Anak.21 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day.22 And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Beth-el; and Jehovah was with them.23 And the house of Joseph sent to spy out Beth-el. (Now the name of the city beforetime was Luz.)24 And the watchers saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Show us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we will deal kindly with thee.25 And he showed them the entrance into the city; and they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let the man go and all his family.26 And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz, which is the name thereof unto this day.27 And Manasseh did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and its towns, nor of Taanach and its towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and its towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and its towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.28 And it came to pass, when Israel was waxed strong, that they put the Canaanites to taskwork, and did not utterly drive them out.29 And Ephraim drove not out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.30 Zebulun drove not out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became subject to taskwork.31 Asher drove not out the inhabitants of Acco, nor the inhabitants of Sidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob;32 but the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for they did not drive them out.33 Naphtali drove not out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, nor the inhabitants of Beth-anath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and of Beth-anath became subject to taskwork.34 And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the hill-country; for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley;35 but the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres, in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim: yet the hand of the house of Joseph prevailed, so that they became subject to taskwork.36 And the border of the Amorites was from the ascent of Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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Background
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis

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Comparison / Typology
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Theology
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Application
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Introduction to Judges

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Commentary List

  • Atkinson, David John. The Message of Ruth: The Wings of Refuge. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1985 [1983].
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Cundall, Arthur E; and Leon Morris. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, Volume 7; Judges and Ruth. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008 [1968].
  • Fischer, Irmfraud. Rut. Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2001. [German]
  • Franke, John R.; ed. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2005.
  • Gross, Walther. Richter. Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2009. [German]
  • Harduf, David Mandel; and Rashi. Shoftim [Judges]. Willowdale, Ontario, Canada: D. M. Harduf, 1984.
  • Harris, J. Gordon. Joshua, Judges, Ruth. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2000.
  • Harris, W. Homiletical Commentary on the Books of Samuel. The Preacher's Commentary Homiletical Commentary. London: Richard D. Dickinson, 1884. [Google Books]
  • Hervey, A. C. The Pulpit Commentary; Judges. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York / Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [Public Domain]
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: Old Testament]. New York Jamieson: S. S. Scranton, 1875. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Judges] [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 2: Ruth to Psalms] [Google Books]
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, and First Book of Samuel, Second Book of Samuel, First Kings, and Second Kings, Chapters I to VII. [CCEL]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 2: Joshua to Psalms]
  • Millar, J. P. A Homiletical Commentary on the Book of Judges; The Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary on the Old Testament. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1892. [Google Books]
  • Morison, James. The Pulpit Commentary; Ruth. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York / Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [A] [Public Domain]
  • Neusner, Jacob. Ruth Rabbah; An Analytical Translation. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1989.
  • Patrick, Simon. A Commentary Upon the Historical Books of the Old Testament; Vol. II. [Joshua to Esther] 5th edition. London: Printed for D. Midwinter, 1738. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Job] [Google Books]
  • Rashi; Avraham Shelomoh, et al. Judges: A New English Translation. New York: Judaica Press, 1983.
  • Rashi, and Avraham Schwartz. The Megilloth and Rashi's Commentary With Linear Translation: Esther, Song of Songs, Ruth. New York: Hebrew Linear Classics / Feldheim, 1983.
  • Rogers, Richard. A Commentary Upon the Whole Booke of Iudges. London: Felix Kyngston for Thomas Man, 1615. [Public Domain]
  • Wilcock, Michael. The Message of Judges: Grace Abounding. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992.
  • Younger, K. Lawson. Judges and Ruth. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2002.

Chapter Credits

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