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Chapter Commentary

1 Now these are the names of the sons of Israel, who came into Egypt (every man and his household came with Jacob):2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher.5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: and Joseph was in Egypt already.6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.8 Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who knew not Joseph.9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:10 come, let us deal wisely with them, lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they also join themselves unto our enemies, and fight against us, and get them up out of the land.11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh store-cities, Pithom and Raamses.12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and the more they spread abroad. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor:14 and they made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field, all their service, wherein they made them serve with rigor.15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of whom the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:16 and he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the birth-stool; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him; but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men-children alive.18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men-children alive?19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwife come unto them.20 And God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them households.22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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Background
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis

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Comparison / Typology
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Theology
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Application

Introduction to Exodus

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Thematic Essays on Exodus

Commentary List

  • Ainsworth, Henry. Annotations Upon the Five Bookes of Moses, the Booke of the Psalms, and the Songs, or Canticles. London: Printed by M. Flesher and J. Haviland, 1627. [Public Domain]
  • Bede. On the Tabernacle. Translated with notes and introduction by Arthur G. Holder. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 1994.
  • Bruckner, James K. Exodus. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2008.
  • Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Four Last Books of Moses; Arranged in the Form of a Harmony. 4 vols. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1852-1855. [Public Domain] [Vol. 1—Exodus]
  • Cassuto, Umberto. A Commentary on the Book of Exodus. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1967.
  • Childs, Brevard. The Book of Exodus: A Critical, Theological Commentary. Philadelphia, PA: The Westminster Press, 1974.
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Cole, R. Alan. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, Volume 2; Exodus. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008 [1973].
  • Dohmen, Christoph. Exodus 19-40. Herders theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament. Freiburg im Breisgau: Herder, 2004. [German]
  • Enns, Peter. Exodus. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2000.
  • Gaebelein, Frank E.; ed. Expositor's Bible Commentary. 12 vols. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1976-1992. [Vol. 2: Genesis to Numbers]
  • Greenberg, Moshe. Understanding Exodus. New York: Behrman House, 1969.
  • Ibn, Ezra, Abraham ben Meir. The Commentary of Abraham Ibn Ezra on the Pentateuch, 5 vols. Vol. 2: Exodus. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House, 1900-. [Public Domain]
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: Old Testament]. New York Jamieson: S. S. Scranton, 1875. [Google Books]
  • Lienhard, Joseph T., ed.; with Ronnie J. Rombs. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2001.
  • Keil, C. F.; and F. Delitzsch. Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Vol. 1; The Pentateuch. [Genesis and Part of Exodus] Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1866. [Google Books]
  • Kidder, Richard. A Commentary on the Five Books of Moses. Vol. 1 [Genesis and Exodus]. London: Printed by J. Heptinstall, for William Rogers, 1694. [Google Books]
  • Mackintosh, Charles Henry. Notes on the Book of Exodus. New York: Loizeaux, 1880. [Google Books]
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. [CCEL]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Deuteronomy]
  • Motyer, J. A. The Message of Exodus: The Days of Our Pilgrimage. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2005.
  • Origen. Homilies on Genesis and Exodus. Translated by Ronald E. Heine. Fathers of the Church, 71. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1982.
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Judges] [Google Books]
  • Keil, C. F.; and F. Delitzsch. Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Vol. 2; The Pentateuch. [Exodus and Leviticus] Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1866. [Google Books]
  • Parker, Samuel. Bibliotheca Biblia. [Vol. 1: Exodus] Oxford: Printed at the Theater, 1722.
  • Patrick, Simon. A Commentary Upon the Second Book of Moses, Called Exodus. London: Printed for RI. Chiswell, 1697. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Job] [Google Books]
  • Ramban [Nachmanides]; and Charles B. Chavel. Commentary on the Torah, 5 vols. [Vol. 2: Exodus] New York: Shilo, 1971-1976.
  • Rashi; and Chaim Pearl. Rashi; Commentaries on the Pentateuch. New York: Norton, 1970.
  • Rawlinson, George. The Pulpit Commentary; Exodus. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1913. [Public Domain]
  • Sarna, Nahum. The JPS Torah Commentary Series; Genesis. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1991.
  • Trapp, John. A Clavis to the Bible, Or, A New Comment Upon the Pentateuch. London: Printed for Timothy Garthwait, 1649. [Public Domain]
  • Willet, Andrew. Hexapla in Genesin and Exodum, that is, A Six-Fold Commentary Upon the First Two Bookes of Moses. London: Printed by Iohn Haviland, 1633. [Public Domain]

Chapter Credits

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