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Chapter Commentary

1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it.2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God; and he carried them into the land of Shinar to the house of his god: and he brought the vessels into the treasure-house of his god.3 And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring in certain of the children of Israel, even of the seed royal and of the nobles;4 youths in whom was no blemish, but well-favored, and skilful in all wisdom, and endued with knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability to stand in the kings palace; and that he should teach them the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans.5 And the king appointed for them a daily portion of the kings dainties, and of the wine which he drank, and that they should be nourished three years; that at the end thereof they should stand before the king.6 Now among these were, of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah.7 And the prince of the eunuchs gave names unto them: unto Daniel he gave the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abed-nego.8 But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the kings dainties, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.9 Now God made Daniel to find kindness and compassion in the sight of the prince of the eunuchs.10 And the prince of the eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath appointed your food and your drink: for why should he see your faces worse looking than the youths that are of your own age? so would ye endanger my head with the king.11 Then said Daniel to the steward whom the prince of the eunuchs had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:12 Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, ten days; and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink.13 Then let our countenances be looked upon before thee, and the countenance of the youths that eat of the kings dainties; and as thou seest, deal with thy servants.14 So he hearkened unto them in this matter, and proved them ten days.15 And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer, and they were fatter in flesh, than all the youths that did eat of the kings dainties.16 So the steward took away their dainties, and the wine that they should drink, and gave them pulse.17 Now as for these four youths, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom: and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.18 And at the end of the days which the king had appointed for bringing them in, the prince of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar.19 And the king communed with them; and among them all was found none like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: therefore stood they before the king.20 And in every matter of wisdom and understanding, concerning which the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and enchanters that were in all his realm.21 And Daniel continued even unto the first year of king Cyrus.
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis






















Comparison / Typology
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Introduction to Daniel

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Commentary List

  • Alshekh, Moses; Rashi; Shahar; Ravi; et al. The Book of Daniel . . . The Commentaries of Rashi and Rabbi Moshe Alshich in Sefer Daniel. Jerusalem: Distributed by Feldheim Publishers, 1994.
  • Baldwin, Joyce G. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, Volume 23; Daniel. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2009 [1978].
  • Barnes, Albert. Notes Illustrative, Critical, and Practical on the Book of Daniel. New York: Leavitt & Allen, 1855. [Google Books]
  • Bickerman, Elias. Four Strange Books of the Bible: Jonah, Daniel, Koheleth, Esther. New York: Schocken, 1967.
  • Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Book of the Prophet Daniel. Vol. 1. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1852. [Public Domain]
  • Calvin, John. Commentaries on the Book of the Prophet Daniel. Vol. 2. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1853. [Public Domain]
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Gaussen, Francois Samuel R. Louis. The Prophet Daniel Explained. London: Mozley, 1873. [Google Books]
  • Ibn Ali, Jephet, the Karite [Ben Ali, Japheth]. A Commentary on the Book of Daniel. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1889. [Google Books]
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: Old Testament]. New York Jamieson: S. S. Scranton, 1875. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839 [Vol. 3--Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849]. [Vol. 3: Psalms to Malachi] [Google Books]
  • Joye, George. The Exposicion of Daniel the Prophete Gathered Oute of Philip Melancton, Iohan Ecolampadius . . . . [Antwerp: By the successor of A. Goinus, 1545] [Public Domain]
  • Keil, C. F. Biblical Commentary on the Book of Daniel. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark. [Google Books]
  • Lacocque, Andre. The Book of Daniel. London: SPCK, 1979.
  • Leupold, H. C. Exposition of Daniel. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1969.
  • Longman, Tremper III. Daniel. The NIV Life Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1999.
  • Lowth, William. A Commentary Upon the Larger and Lesser Prophets: Being a Continuation of Bishop Patrick. 4th ed. London: Printed for D. Midwinter, 1739. [Public Domain]
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; The Books of Ezekiel, Daniel, and the Minor Prophets. New York: A. C. Armstrong, 1909. [Google Books]
  • Mayer, John. A Commentary upon All the Prophets Both Great and Small. London: Printed by Abraham Miller and Ellen Cotes, 1652. [Public Domain]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 3: Proverbs to Malachi]
  • More, Henry. A Plain and Continued Exposition of the Several Prophecies or Divine Visions of the Prophet Daniel. London: Printed by M. F. for Walter Kettilby, 1681. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 2: Psalms to Malachi] [Google Books]
  • Stevenson, Kenneth; and Michael Glerup; eds. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Ezekiel, Daniel. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2008.
  • Stuart, Moses. A Commentary on the Book of Daniel. Boston: Crocker and Brewer, 1850. [Google Books]
  • Thomson, J. E. H. The Pulpit Commentary; Daniel. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York /Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [Public Domain]
  • Wallace, Ronald S. The Message of Daniel: The Lord is King. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1979.
  • Willet, Andrew. Hexapla in Danielem, that is, A Six-Fold Commentarie Upon the Most Divine Prophesie of Daniel. Cambridge: Printed for Leonard Greene, 1610. [Public Domain]

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