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Chapter Commentary

1 And it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;2 it came to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul, with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.3 And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.4 And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, The people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.5 And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul was leaning upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and the horsemen followed hard after him.7 And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I.8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.9 And he said unto me, Stand, I pray thee, beside me, and slay me; for anguish hath taken hold of me, because my life is yet whole in me.10 So I stood beside him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:12 and they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of Jehovah, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.13 And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a sojourner, an Amalekite.14 And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to put forth thy hand to destroy Jehovahs anointed?15 And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him, so that he died.16 And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain Jehovahs anointed.17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:18 (and he bade them teach the children of Judah the song of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jashar):19 Thy glory, O Israel, is slain upon thy high places! How are the mighty fallen!20 Tell it not in Gath, Publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon; Lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, Let there be no dew nor rain upon you, neither fields of offerings: For there the shield of the mighty was vilely cast away, The shield of Saul, not anointed with oil.22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, The bow of Jonathan turned not back, And the sword of Saul returned not empty.23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, And in their death they were not divided: They were swifter than eagles, They were stronger than lions.24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, Who clothed you in scarlet delicately, Who put ornaments of gold upon your apparel.25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! Jonathan is slain upon thy high places.26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: Very pleasant hast thou been unto me: Thy love to me was wonderful, Passing the love of women.27 How are the mighty fallen, And the weapons of war perished!
Chapter Introduction
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Brief Quotations
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Background
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History of Interpretation
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Verse by Verse Exegesis

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Comparison / Typology
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Theology
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Application
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Introduction to 2 Samuel

Book Introduction Coming Soon.

Thematic Essays on 2 Samuel

Commentary List

  • Arnold, Bill T. 1 & 2 Samuel. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2003.
  • Baldwin, Joyce G. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, Volume 8; 1 and 2 Samuel. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008 [1988].
  • Clarke, Adam. The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments . . . With a Commentary and Critical Notes. 7 vols. New York: Ezra Sargent, 1811. [Google Books]
  • Erdman, Chr. Fr. David. The Books of Samuel; A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures; Edited by John Peter Lange. New York: Charles Scribners, 1877. [Google Books]
  • Evans, Mary J. 1 and 2 Samuel. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2000.
  • Evans, Mary J. The Message of Samuel: Personalities, Potential, Politics, and Power. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2004.
  • Franke, John R.; ed. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2005.
  • Guild, William. The Throne of David, or, An Exposition of the Second of Samuel Where is Set Downe the Pattern of a Pious and Prudent Prince, and a Clear Type of of [sic] the Prince of Princes. Oxford: Printed by W. Hall for Rob. Blagrave, 1659. [Public Domain]
  • Hertzberg, Hans W. I and II Samuel. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1964.
  • Jamieson, Robert; A. R. Faucet; and David Brown. A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments. 2 vols. [Vol. 1: Old Testament]. New York Jamieson: S. S. Scranton, 1875. [Google Books]
  • Jenks, William; ed. The Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Bible . . . Containing Scott's Marginal References; Matthew Henry's Commentary. 5 vols. Brattleboro, VT: Fessenden, 1835, 1836, 1839; Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1849. [Vol. 2: Ruth to Psalms] [Google Books]
  • Keil, C. F.; and F. Delitzsch. Biblical Commentary on the Books of Samuel. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1866. [Google Books]
  • Kirkpatrick, A. F. The First Book of Samuel. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. General ed.: J. J. S. Perowne. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1896. [Google Books]
  • Kirkpatrick, A. F. The Second Book of Samuel. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. General ed.: J. J. S. Perowne. Cambridge: At the University Press, 1894. [Google Books]
  • Luther, Martin; and Henry P. Cole. Select Works of Martin Luther, 4 vols.; Vol. 2: Exposition of the Seventeenth Chapter of the Gospel by St. John . . . The Last Words of David. London: Printed for the Author, 1824-26. [Public Domain]
  • Luther, Martin. Luther's Works; Vols. 15: Lectures on Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, and the Last Words of David. St. Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing House, 1955- .
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; The Second Book of Samuel and the Books of Kings to 2 Kings VII. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1908. [Google Books]
  • Maclaren, Alexander. Expositions of Holy Scripture; Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, and First Book of Samuel, Second Book of Samuel, First Kings, and Second Kings, Chapters I to VII. [CCEL]
  • McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 5 vols. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1981. [Vol. 2: Joshua to Psalms]
  • Nicoll, W. Robertson [editor]; W. G. Blaikie [author]. The Expositor's Bible; The First Book of Samuel. New York: A. C. Armstrong, 1903. [Google Books]
  • Nicoll, W. Robertson [editor]; W. G. Blaikie [author]. The Expositor's Bible; The Second Book of Samuel. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1892. [Google Books]
  • Patrick, Simon. A Commentary Upon the Two Books of Samuel. London: Printed for R. Chiswell, 1703. [Public Domain]
  • Patrick, Simon. A Commentary Upon the Historical Books of the Old Testament; Vol. II. [Joshua to Esther] 5th edition. London: Printed for D. Midwinter, 1738. [Public Domain]
  • Poole, Matthew. Annotations Upon the Holy Bible. 3 vols. New York: Robert Carter, 1853. [Vol. 1: Genesis to Job] [Google Books]
  • Rashi; and A. J. Rosenberg. Samuel I: A New English Translation and Rashi, With a Commentary Digest. New York: Judaica Press, 1980.
  • Rashi; and Moshe Ch. Sosevsky. Samuel II: A New English Translation of the Text and Rashi, With a Commentary Digest. New York: Judaica Press, 1981.
  • Smith, R. Payne. The Pulpit Commentary; First and Second Samuel. Series edited by H. D. M. Spence-Jones. New York / Toronto: Funk and Wagnalls, 1890s. [Public Domain]
  • Willet, Andrew. An Harmonie Upon the First Booke of Samuel. Cambridge: Printed for L. Greene, 1607. [Public Domain]

Chapter Credits

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